The Temple of Literature (or Quoc Tu Giam) was originally built as a Confucian Temple in 1070 AD. Six years later on the same grounds was founded Vietnam's first university to educate the administrative and military warrior Mandarin classes.
Over the years buildings have been added and renovated but much of the architecture dates back to the Lý (1010-1225) and Trần dynasties (1225-1400).
The university operated for more than 700 years but today you can experience the tranquility without its warrior students, with its beautiful gardens and pavilions in a series of courtyards.
Situated on a park-like area in the heart of Hanoi, the Temple of Literature is an oasis of cultural calm in the center of the city. Check out the teeny museum of artifacts.