Lesotho is an independent country that is surrounded on all sides by South Africa – it's an enclave within another country.
The official name of the country is the Kingdom of Lesotho, and it occupies just over 11,500 square miles high in the mountains. It holds the distinction of being the only independent country in the world where the entire country is above an elevation of 1,000 meters (3,281 feet). The population is almost entirely Sotho, the people who gave the country its name.
Lesotho gained independence from the UK in 1966 – before that was it called Basutoland. The small country remains largely agricultural, and it's a draw for visitors to South Africa who are keen to see traditional Sotho life in person. Those with more time to spare can enjoy the incredible hiking and see the mighty Semonkong Falls.
A day trip to visit the Kingdom of Lesotho from Durban is a long day—12 to 13 hours—but you'll get to see the dramatic countryside of the Drakensberg mountains, stop in historic Himeville, and experience the mountain nation all in one day. It's best to book this trip with a guide, since the Sani Pass (which you must cross to get to Lesotho) requires a 4x4 vehicle and someone who knows the dangerous road.